The goal of particle physics is to study the existence and interactions of particles, which are the constituents of what is usually referred to as matter or radiation. The theory that describes the particles and their interactions, the Standard Model (SM), has been very successfully confirmed by experiments, such the most recent ATLAS and CMS at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Despite its great success in describing nature, the SM leaves many questions unanswered; Physics beyond the SM (BSM) is required to answer these questions. The Future Circular Collider (FCC) project aims at developing conceptual designs with an energy and a luminosity significantly above what the LHC does, significantly extending the possibility to discover BSM physics.
The FCC study puts an emphasis on electron-positron high-intensity and proton-proton high energy frontier machines. A 100 TeV hadron collider in a 100 km long tunnel defines the overall infrastructure for the FCC study. The collision rates at the FCC will be of unprecedented amounts. It will be impossible to store and analyse all data from these produced events: A “trigger system”, performing real-time analysis, will preferably select the potentially interesting interactions, such as those that will contain Higgs particles or signatures of BSM physics. Typically, the trigger systems is based on fast electronics and highly performant software deciding on a real-time fashion which events to select.
Both the PIs of this proposal have played leading roles in the trigger systems in the ATLAS and CMS experiments, for more than ten years. They propose to brainstorm over the trigger system for the FCC project, building on their expertise and experience from the previous experiments.
Air pollution kills 7 million people yearly, and reduces our life expectancy by 20 months, with an economic cost reaching 6% of the gross world product (WHO, World Bank). Open-source air-quality and lung-capacity monitoring encourages citizens to map their environment, and mutually take care of their health, enhancing public benefits through co-participation. We propose to combine our approaches to tackle the health-related impact of air pollution in urban centers by raising awareness and helping develop the participatory monitoring of air quality and respiratory health into evidence-based policies. We aim to organize two co-creation events to explore how participatory development of air quality and respiratory monitoring can improve health outcomes and foster civil mobilization. Yonsei and Geneva are both urban universities with active communities committed to the United Nations SDGs, to social innovation, and with renowned faculties of medicine and environment. The institutions will have the support from LogAir and Breathing Games. LogAir develops open devices and applications, to enable citizens to map air quality along their day, serving as a basis for advisories on how to lower exposure, and proposed as a starting point for evidence-based policy-making. LogAir is deploying devices on shared bikes in Geneva and partners with other organisations to expand its network around the world. Breathing Games, a member of the WHO respiratory alliance, develops controllers and games to foster self and mutual care in respiratory health. Breathing Games is a finalist of Citypreneurs, a contest organized by the City of Seoul and the World Federation of UN Associations.
In 2005, a Strategy for Education for Sustainable Development was adopted by the UN Economic and Social Council, which aimed to “encourage UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) member States to develop and incorporate ESD into their formal education systems, in all relevant subjects, and in non-formal and informal education” (UNECE, 2005:2). Moreover, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the global community include Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). One of the targets of SDG 4 on quality education we find of special importance is target 4.7, which focuses on ESD. Both the University of Geneva and Yonsei University have been very active in furthering ESD for the last few years. Fostering global citizenship through ESD is a common goal of the two universities. However, at present, there is a lack of studies on pedagogical approaches for ESD in higher education. In order to fill the gap, and to position our universities as leaders in the area of ESD, we are looking to strengthen knowledge sharing and develop a plan for future course materials together. Access to the UNIGE-Yonsei Seed Fund would allow us to carry out the following: (1) field visits in both universities in order to learn and gain expertise from each other; (2) sharing of best practices in the form of case studies for pedagogical approaches, and (3) the development of a “toolbox” of teaching approaches tied to competencies and outcomes, which illustrate innovative, creative and effective approaches. The exchange visits would include workshops, panel discussions, and laying the foundations for tool kit development.